You Have The Right To Remain Silent
The words “you have the right to remain silent” are a staple of every crime drama on television, uttered when the police officer finally places the suspect under arrest. However, many people do not know what these words really mean and where they come from. Understanding your right to remain silent is critical in protecting yourself if you are ever arrested for a crime.
What Is The Right To Remain Silent?
Police officers are required to inform suspects of their rights when they are placed under arrest. Part of this process involves the Miranda warning, named for a famous Supreme Court case Miranda v. Arizona. In that case, the court ruled that an officer must inform the person placed under arrest of his or her rights against self-incrimination under the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution. These rights include:
- The right to refuse to answer questions. The right to remain silent really means that a person under arrest is not required to say anything to police officers without his or her attorney present. In most cases, it is best for a person who is under arrest or detained by law enforcement officers to simply decline to answer any questions and to speak to an attorney before proceeding. Even “innocent” statements can be twisted by the prosecution and used to incriminate the defendant.
- The right to avoid self-incrimination. The right to remain silent proceeds from another right: that of avoiding self-incrimination. This is usually worded in a Miranda warning as “anything you say can be used against you.” What it means is that the person under arrest is being warned that his or her words can and will be used in court to establish guilt.
- The right to an attorney. Part of your rights when you are arrested include the right to have legal counsel before answering any questions. It is always better to wait for an attorney before you try to explain anything about your case to the police.
Many people make the mistake of trying to talk to the police because they believe that since they have done nothing wrong, they cannot be charged. Innocent people have been put on trial and even gone to prison for simply saying the wrong thing to police. It is critical that you avoid this problem by seeking criminal defense representation. The attorneys at the Oswalt Law Group in Phoenix are ready to help.